November: The event VMworld 2019 Europe. Tt was amazing to meet new people, older friends and interact with all of them. Also, I was able to record sessions with the vBrownbag crew. I also presented a session at VMworld!
December: Nothing to say here, basically, preparing the next year.
First, things I did and makes me happy that I achieved or earned:
Personal: Eloped in New York for just 2 months and 3 weeks ago!
Commitment: Continue with my degree by passing all subjects with a good score.
Networking: Meet better or new people which made me realize that there are good friends or someone you can chat from time to time.
Better writing: Although this year I wrote only 16 posts (I know isn’t too much), I think I write better and I didn’t let quantity overcame the quality.
Obviously not all things went well:
I wasn’t able to pass the VCAP6.5-DCV Design exam in October, you can check it here.
For 4-6 weeks, I gained some weight because of time anxiety.
I am procrastinating more than I used to (probably because of anxiety?).
To work on
Procrastination: I tend to procrastinate at home when I have to do university assignments. Also, other personal projects tend to be massively delayed.
Organization: I do like to organize what I am going to do every week but maybe I have to put more fun windows and realize that sometimes you need to play games, do nothing and don’t be worried about you could do instead of seizing that time (time anxiety ?)!
Writing, hosting and more: More blog posts for the next year, host people to record sessions with vBrownbag and presenting more.
And that’s all! This will be the last post of the year (obviously) and although I was aiming to publish another different post that I am working on, I decided and wrote today this quick post in order to let you know that no one is perfect of course and there are bad and good news that people usually don’t talk about.
From November 25th to January 10th, you can apply to be a vExpert 2020 through many different paths and you must do it if you think you contributed to the VMware community.
What is a vExpert?
It’s an award that VMware gives to individuals who have contributed (a lot) to the VMware community.
Only the contributions over the past year are evaluated, therefore, it is a program that requires constant dedication every year by being an evangelist and advocacy of VMware products.
vExpert is not a certification! It’s an award that is given to individuals and not companies so, companies must not claim that title.
Why become one?
vExperts who participate in the program have access to exclusive benefits. One of the challenges that you will see is, the journey to be and to maintain it. As I will explain later, being active in the community (through different ways) is the key to become one!
At VMworld there are some exclusive gifts, access and parties that are only accessible to vExperts but, interacting with the community will be always your best gift in my opinion.
Here is a list of some of the benefits:
Join the private Slack channel (which is quite active!).
Permission to use the vExpert certificate and logo on your website, social media, etc.
Private forums on communities.vmware.com.
Private webinars with VMware partners as well as NFRs.
Evaluation licenses (1 year period) for many VMware products for your home lab!
Blogger early access program for vSphere and some other products.
Your profile will be listed in a public vExpert online directory.
Access to vExpert parties and exclusive gifts at both VMworld events.
Preferent seating at VMworld Keynotes.
Being a VMware vExpert is not a sprint and it doesn’t consist of making the greatest amount of blog-posts about VMware.
To become a VMware vExpert, you must be active in the community: This can be achieved by knowing and replying to people on Twitter, writing blog posts about VMware technologies, reply to the VMTN forums even if you don’t know the exact answer.
Assisting or presenting to VMUG events is one of the best things you can do, not just to know people, promote yourself and learn new things also because you participate in the community and let yourself know.
To apply just do it here and list all the contributions from this year (2019).
If you still have doubts, you can reach your local vExpert PRO, which will help you with your submission. I can help you if you need some guidance or need any advice, just reach me on Twitter!
Once you apply, your submission will be evaluated and once the applications are closed, the vExpert 2020 will be awarded.
By being part of the community and involving yourself more in evangelizing VMware products through posts, VMUG events/UserCons, VMTN forums, etc. you will have a high chance of being a vExpert.
Remember that in only will count the contributions from the previous year (2019 in this case) so, if you are not one know, don’t worry, apply if you think you contributed enough to the VMware community.
You didn’t contribute enough or nothing this year? Set yourself a goal and make it happen for the next year!
For me, being a vExpert gave me, not just licenses, gifts, etc. but many new friends of the community and a better knowledge of VMware products and culture.
As the VCAP-DCV Design 2020 certification is going to be released (but the 3V0-624 exam is not scheduled to be retired yet) on Jan 1, 2020.
Recently I made another post about my experience with this exam where I failed, check it here.
For your information, at the moment the 3V0-624 is the current exam code for the VCAP-DCV 6.5 Design certification (Also named VCAP-DCV Design 2019), always check the code for the exam no matter which is the certification name.
I decided to share with you some notes for this kind of exams no matter which version.
This information will be more helpful for people that have never taken this exam rather than those who are experienced in these advanced exams.
The Design exams (VCAP-XXX Design) are mainly for IT Architects (sounds cool?) but, why for architects? Well, if you check the blueprint, you will see a couple of sections and not many objectives. The truth is hidden inside each section, which is huge and covers many aspects.
Could you pass this exam without being an IT architect? Of course!
Many did it (not in my case yet) by studying and having a lot of design experience, or also helped doing designs with other peers for example. Also, you can gain all the knowledge of all areas and study your main gaps.
The goal is to design VMware solutions to meet specific goals and requirements, ideally, you should have advanced knowledge of storage, network, compute, end-user computing environments and other components.
You will have to develop a conceptual design given a set of customer requirements, determining which requirements needed to create a logical design and after that creating a physical design with these items.
As you are aiming for a VMware certification, you must think in all solutions, features, and elements from vSphere.
Here is a list of the solutions that appear in the Blueprint and are related to VMware of course:
Inside each solution, you should know at least the most of the features, functionalities that they offer, dependencies between them and test them (if you can).
Apart from knowing about these technologies related to VMware, there are obviously the core areas that compose a general IT infrastructure: Storage, networking and compute.
So, be prepared to dig on each area and know about dependencies between each other and with other solutions.
Advanced knowledge is desirable (and you will be tested) on each area would deserve more than post so, I am not going to explain anything right now about it 🙂
Aiming for the exam
Your main guide must be the blueprint, no matter what other unofficial guides say (although they are very helpful). In the blueprint you will have all the sections and objectives that will be qualified.
This exam requires to read a lot (more if your daily job isn’t designing solutions) and not just books to gather information about how to gather requirements from the customer and match them to terminologies like RAMPS or RRAC (I will explain a bit of those later), also all the technical papers that the blueprint mention (+50).
Conceptual, Logical and Physical Design, you will see this a lot and once you understand it, you will see why.
You must check all the references (documents) that the blueprint mentions because most of them will appear in the exam.
Some key points from all the features, elements or products I think will be:
Dependencies: Know the dependencies between solutions. What do you need to enable vSAN, apart from at least 1 SSD/Flash and 1 SAS/SATA disk? It also requires vCenter and DNS.
Advantages and disadvantages: Does SRM perform replication? Is HA better to ensure availability than FT? Which solution can achieve a 5-minute RPO? vSAN
Maximums and limitations: vSphere 6.5U1 supports a maximum of 4 PSCs per site, behind an LB. Also a maximum of 10 PSCs per vSphere Domain.
Upgrade paths: How would you upgrade a vSphere 6.0 environment to 6.5 with external PSC?
Determine RCAR: Differentiate between requirements, constraints, assumptions, and risks.
RAMPS: Build recoverability, availability, manageability, performance, and security into a vSphere Logical Design.
Gather and analyze business and application requirements from customer interview data, determine customer priorities for defined objectives and categorize those requirements by infrastructure qualities.
In the post, I mentioned to you at the beginning there are some resources which are quite helpful in order to learn and improve your non-tech skills.
There is so much information to digest if you don’t have a certain level of knowledge in vSphere and the “art” of designing solutions, which could lead you to study a lot of products, methodologies, and features in probably, a great amount of time.
But don’t be impatient, it will take you time but, review each section and check the concepts, products or features that you’re not familiar with.
Check videos and other unofficial guides that probably will make other fellows from the community.
This exam is about theory so, you will be tested as an architect who designs solutions based on customer or application requirements and how to match them to a VMware design.
It is difficult to generalize all the things that can appear in past, present, and future VCAP-DCV Design certifications but I tried to give you as much information as I can.
Today, I’ll show you how easy is to install, configure Runecast Analyzer (v 188.8.131.52) in your environment and we will review quickly what can we offer this solution.
Runecast is a company founded in 2014 more recognizable because the CEO is Stanimir Markov which is VCDX #74 but in his team has other virtualization veterans who help them to create this solution.
It’s a solution made by and for IT Admins which will scan your VMware environment (vSphere, vSAN, and NSX-T and V) and inform you about issues, best practices, hardware compatibility and apply security hardening in your VMware environment.
With all of this information it will save a great amount of time to any IT admin in order to resolve or identify a known (or not) issue, perform an upgrade of any new release of vSphere, apply the correct configurations according any Security standards (PCI-DSS, HIPAA, DISA SITG, etc.) and more…
You will need to create an account (it’s free) but once you created it, you will have access to the OVA file by downloading it:
Runecast has also a Live Demo where you can try all the features without installing anything, just go to the website: https://demo.runecast.com and login with the credentials provided.
You will see immediately a test environment where you can check all the features that it has in just seconds, quite handy if you want to test this solution quickly.
Deploy and configure
Once you download the OVA file, deploy it in your virtual environment like what you will do with other virtual appliances:
Right-click in your DC and “Deploy OVF Template…”
Select the OVA file you downloaded in the previous section.
Select name, folder, compute resource
Accept the EULA, choose the deployment configuration (in my case Small)
Configure the resources necessary for the appliance (storage, network and finally all the networking properties).
Once the OVF package has been imported (it took 2 min approximately), it will appear a VM in your vCenter:
Now, power on the VM and check in the VM console which is the IP that you give to the application in order to access the appliance (https://192.168.1.81):
The first time you access through the website, you must use the following credentials (the same as in the Live Demo):
Now, it will ask you some information to connect to your vCenter, just enter the information (I created a new user to connect to the vCenter) and click Continue:
And provide a schedule, I let the default setting as it’s a reasonable schedule. Continue by selecting “Start analysis”:
This, will scan your VMware environment and let you know in the dashboard all kind of issues, configuration, etc.:
Here I’ll show you some screenshots from the solution and how they look:
It matches the security standard that you select to your environment and let you know which configuration you must apply in order to be compliant with that security standard.
Guides you about which Best Practices can be configured in your VMware environment against the VMware Best Practices.
Config KBs Discovered
One of the most pro-active features is Config KBs Discovered, it lets you know which configurations you have currently applied in your environment and the KBs that are published in the VMware DB.
This feature will help you to deal with any kind of upgrades in just seconds, do you know if your hardware is listed in the Hardware Compatibility List for some product? It will give you all the information in just a moment.
Log inspector will look for patterns in your ESXi logs in real-time in order to analyze and provide a solution before anything happens.
What a better way to apply a fix for something that you didn’t even notice?
And that would be all for this quick post about Runecast Analyzer and how can it help in a VMware environment for vSphere, vSAN, and NSX.
If you thought that Runecast Analyzer is a single-use tool, you’re wrong, it has many features that make it easier to manage a VMware environment in a daily-basis.
Remember that you can try it for 30-days with all the features or use the live demo on their website.
Recently I took the 3V0-624 exam (a.k.a. VMware Certified Advanced Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization Design Exam) and I failed (266/500).
I took it on September, 4th (a month and a half ago) and as I was on holiday and now preparing things for VMworld Europe I won’t be able to study after the event.
I recognize, I study a bit in a rush. In just one month for someone who is daily tasks aren’t about architecture, it can be hard (or not). In my case, this rush was influenced due to leaving on vacation for more than 2 weeks. Then, I decided to give it a try before leaving but, the outcome wasn’t what someone would like!
Let me share my experience in the exam, some thoughts, resources, and notes that maybe can help you.
What I want to say in this section is knowing your limitations and experience against the exam. I am not going to do a comparison against the blueprint right now but, check the blueprint and be honest to yourself.
This exam is called “Design” and that means having a broad knowledge on many areas (like networking, storage, computing, hardware, etc.), a different mindset than an engineer (the famous “holistic” view that architects have).
So, basically, check all the sections in the blueprint and match them against your knowledge. Are there too many gaps? Then, you probably need more experience and a lot of time to study (or both) but definitely, the experience becomes very handy for this exam.
(I recommend you to check the blueprint from the VCAP6-DCV Design which is quite better than the 6.5 version (in fact, it has the resources split into sections instead of giving you a list of 50+ resources like in the 6.5 version).
I am not an architect but I did some projects from the scratch (small ones) and participated in others that were normal (I don’t want to say big because it is subjective) as a technical reference so, I had some of the knowledge regarding how to approach a project
Expect to gather the requirements, find “RRAC” (Requirements, Risks, Assumptions and Constraints) and also I had knowledge in DC architecture, vSphere (obviously) and other products from VMware (this is a VMware exam so don’t expect another thing!).
There are many resources that you can find on the internet:
IT Architect: Foundation in the Art of Infrastructure Design: A Practical Guide for IT Architects
VMware vSphere Design 2nd Edition
Obviously I reviewed all the technical papers from the blueprint and you should too (at least check if you understand the main concept).
As the official webpage states, there are 60 questions and you have 135 minutes (2 hours and 15 minutes) to complete the exam. This is plenty of time for anyone I think.
I read other experiences and almost anyone had a lot of time left in the clock before finishing the exam. When I took it, I reviewed the questions and there were almost 30 minutes.
Questions can be large so, maybe you want to read it a couple of times or even when you’re answering it.
The format of the exam is multiple-choice, matching and drag and drop. That means that all questions won’t have a single choice solution.
Even I had time to finish the exam without looking at the clock too much, I failed with a score of 266 (passing score is 300 like many other VMware exams). That means that I need to review which were my weakest points, resolve my doubts and catch up with all I studied a couple of months ago.
As far as I know, this exam goes until ESXi 6.5 U1 (which is the latest release before the blueprint came out).
Review dependencies between all products and features within vSphere (especially the ones related to the RAMPS concept).
The conceptual, logical and physical design concepts must be mastered.
Review limitations on each feature (HA, DRS, FT, etc.) or product (vSAN, SRM, etc.).
The vBrownbag videos and books like the “VCAP5-DCD guide” can be very helpful even though are “older”. About books. the “vSphere Design 2nd edition” along with the “IT Architect series: Foundation in the art of infrastructure design” will give you a general vision of all concepts that an architect must know.
Check the blueprint from the VCAP6-DCV Design as the objectives are the same as the 6.5 version but better explained and with references on each section.
So, that’s all I wanted to say and I hope that even I didn’t pass in this first attempt, it can help other people willing to take it in the future.
VMworld 2019 Europe is almost here! And I made a local guide with tips about transport, restaurants, places to go, etc. to ensure you can enjoy more your experience in VMworld.
This event will take place from the 4th (Monday) to 7th (Thursday) of November at Fira Gran Via in Barcelona, Spain.
VMworld is always an amazing opportunity to learn from all the events that will happen there like the Hands-on Lab, Breakout sessions, General sessions, etc.
Also, it is a great way to connect with a lot of people from the community, vendors or other persons that you are interested in.
People are really friendly so, don’t be shy (you can try first on Twitter!) and try to speak to members from the vCommunity. Besides, be sure to meet the vBrownbag team in the VMTN Tech talks area 🙂
If you are interested in attending this amazing international event and enjoy many other advantages, you can register here.
In Spain, tipping is entirely optional and it’s not very common so, it’s up to you if you want to leave a tip in case the service was exceptional or you think it deserves it.
In restaurants, shops, etc. the VAT tax is included. Therefore, you don’t have to worry to calculate an extra amount of money.
Also, once you pay with credit card (VISA branded cards are the most used here) they will make you enter the PIN code of your credit card (a bit different than the US).
I know it’s late but, hotels near Fira are nice and a bit expensive. The best zone I think it is near Sants where there are cheaper hotels, nice transport connections, and great ambient.
The official language in Barcelona is Spanish but most of the population speak in Catalan. Saying that, don’t worry if you don’t understand some signboards from the street or public places.
There are 3 different train services: Renfe (Local Train), TMB (metro/subway/underground) and FGC (Regional Train).
Renfe and TMB are the most used because they have more combinations than the FGC and also better schedules. So, basically, you will see in this guide mentioning train for Renfe and metro/subway/underground for TMB.
Coming from the airport
Once you land at El Prat airport, there are a few ways to go to the city of Barcelona:
You can take a taxi (expensive but more convenient for people with less time or when the hotel is located in an isolated area). It will costs between 20-30 € from the Airport to Sants (always depending on the traffic). Put the hand luggage on the taxi trunk costs an additional euro.
You can use the app myTaxi to order one. Uber and Cabifiy are not available in Barcelona.
Use the L9 Sud line, this is the Metro (subway/underground) service and can be combined with other lines (like L5 at Collblanc stop for example) within the same ticket.
This metro service is more frequent than the train service and it costs 4.60 €. This can be the best option for most people because you can use the same single ticket to go to other places by combining lines.
By bus (Aerobus):
The least recommended option as it will be crowded but it depends on your preferences and where do you want to go.
The Aerobus will take you to “Plaça Catalunya” (Catalunya Plaza) but it costs a bit more than other services (5,90 € at the moment), you can review more information in this link.
If you plan to visit Barcelona, consider buying a T-10 ticket (which includes 10 single tickets or 10 journeys) as it will save you half the price of many single tickets. This T-10 card can be used for many people as you want so, consider it if you are a group.
T-10 cards are sold by zones (because they have other public services integrated), as you are going to stay in Barcelona, you only need 1 zone. Price for a T-10 1 Zone card is 10.20€, versus buying 10 single tickets (1 zone) will cost 2.20 € x 10 = 22€.
T-10 tickets can be used on any public transport (bus, Metro, Renfe and FGC services) with some exceptions covered here:
You cannot use the T-10 ticket from the airport on the Metro Line L9 Sud. This means the T10 ticket is not valid at the stops Aeroport T1 or Aeroport T2 on the airport metro link.
The Metro (subway/underground) is your best choice whatever you stay in Barcelona if you want a cheaper, frequent and reliable service.
With the metro (remember the name) you can travel through lines at the same cost. The main stops to consider will be Fira in L9 Sud, Plaça Espanya in L1/L3 and Sants-Estacio in L5/L3.
The fastest way to VMworld?
The closest stop to the VMworld event isFira in L9 Sud or theEuropa-Firastop which is another stop from the L9-Sud line that also combines with another train service(FGC trains) which is a different transport service than the metro and it has different stops.
If you stay near Sants, the Sants-Estacio stop in L5 will be your choice. Then, in Sants-Estacio station take the L5 to Collblanc stop and after that, change the line toL9 Suduntil you arrive at Fira stop.
You can see in the following map the VMworld precinct highlighted in yellow and the closest stops (marked in blue): Europa-Fira stop which combines FGC and Metro services and, Fira stop at L9 Sud.
Last year VMworld provided a free metro card; As I don’t know if it will be the same but if you are aiming to visit Barcelona and visit other places, consider to buy a T-10 travel card (10 single rides) which is multi personal and quite cheaper than buying 10 single tickets.
Events around VMworld
Fred Hofer has a magnificent post where it summarizes all the events and parties that will happen on these dates, check it here
I organized the vFit runs, review my post for more detailed information
In my case besides the vFit event (Monday and Wednesday morning), I will attend the vSoccer event on Monday night and vBreakfaston Tuesday.
Outside VMworld (Sightseeing)
Here is a summary of the places that you could visit if you come to Barcelona:
La Sagrada Familia
Probably the most iconic building in Barcelona. It is an unfinished church designed by Gaudí, an architect who made many iconic buildings here in Barcelona.
The most famous pedestrian street of Barcelona, you will see many kiosks and artists there while walking in the middle of the city. Note: Keep an eye on your belongings if you are watching an exhibition as pickpockets could be near you.
La Font Màgica de Montjuïc (Magic fountain of Montjuïc)
This fountain is amazing at night. You should check the exhibitions scheduled with lights and streams creating shapes. It is located near the Veeam party that will be on Tuesday so, maybe you can go earlier and check it out!
A gorgeous park with some designs from Gaudí and other architects that are interesting. You must buy a ticket in order to gain entrance to the Monumental Area (where you can see some monuments from Gaudí).
A famous building designed by Gaudí also named “House of bones”. Look at the facade which is something that you probably never seen before with the sculpted stonework, the windows or the painting. It is also a museum where you can visit (you need to buy a ticket) the inside of this building.
The Olympic port of Barcelona (since recent events in the past months, I will avoid going at night)
It is one of the most exciting leisure and touristic spots throughout Barcelona, with a wide offering of shops, clubs, and restaurants. It’s the gateway to the Barcelona beaches and also there is the Barcelona zoo near to it.
In general, avoid going alone in the night, especially in “Las Ramblas”, “El Raval” or near “Olympic Port of Barcelona”.
Also, avoid the neighborhood known as “La Mina” which is farther from Barcelona but it still accessible by Metro.
The food in Barcelona is nice and some of you probably know it.
Let me suggest a couple of restaurants near Fira Gran Via (VMworld):
Gran Varela: A restaurant with great food (especially octopus). Also, the wines are great!
In Gran Via 2 (a shopping center pretty close to Fira Gran via) I can suggest you:
A great Japanese (Udon)
A good Italian (La Tagliatella)
Beers and tapas (Cañas y tapa)
Restaurant La Vid: A nice restaurant where you can try local food like the bread with spread tomato, the Spanish omelet, or the ham! This is also the restaurant that will be hosting the vBreakfast event on Tuesday morning.
The best places aren’t near Fira Gran Via but if you want to try better food, here are a couple of restaurants that are really nice:
Bacoa Burger: Amazing and customized burgers, also hand-made fries and sauces.
König: Amazing restaurant where you can try almost everything: tapas, amazing beer, flatbread, and many other options!
La Bella Napoli: Not many choices on the menu in this Italian restaurant but the food quality is amazing.
Yes! I am happy to announce that the vFit event will happen also at VMworld Europe this year!
Eric Wright (@discoposse) is the creator of this event and you can check how it went at VMworld US here! I love his idea of engaging folks who attend tech events to do some exercise at tech events and why not at VMworld Europe?
Enjoy a run with our great community outside VMworld. You can meet people, share a great moment to run outside the event centers and enjoy the city of Barcelona.
So, this year in Barcelona I will be the organizer for the #vFit event and I hope you can join me and other community folks in the 2019 #vFit runs at VMworld Europe.
Anyone can join this event to run with a group of community folks at approximately 6.21min per km / 10min per mile. May be a second group if enough walkers join, we will discuss it once when we meet there.
The meet up for the runs will be at the exit of Europa-Fira station: https://bit.ly/354kRsN There are two exits at Europa-Fira (showed in blue), you must go to the one which has 3 “big” buildings. Our meet-up will be at the red circle that you can see in the following map: Here you have a Google Street View just in case you’re not sure if you picked the correct exit: https://bit.ly/30N3o4x
So, as said we will have the meet up at the red circle that is in front of one of the Europa-Fira exits.
Usually, this is a daily run event but, as I am the one organizing it, I can’t commit to doing a daily run because I have other duties to do at VMworld.
Therefore I decided to do 2 runs and the time of each meet up is:
Monday, November 4 – 06:45 AM CEST
Wednesday, November 6 – 06:45 AM CEST
On Wednesday many people will be crashed by Tuesday parties however I will be there anyway!
I was wondering why I haven’t talked about Veeam when I use it almost every day in my job, not only administering backups but doing new implementations.
Recently, I had to implement a design where I need to backup VMs in remote sites but not back up them in a centralized storage, they will be backed up on each remote site storage.
So, by deploying a VM with the Backup proxy service and also use it as the backup repository we can accomplish the goal. We will save bandwidth and increase the speed to restore and backup those remote virtual machines by using the local storage on each remote site.
The scenario I am talking is the following, a dedicated VM with Windows Server 2016 Standard (a.k.a. W2016 STD) to act as a backup proxy and backup repository and Veeam B&R installed on the main site (the cloud we will say).
This is the high level design:
So, we are going to back up all the VMs that are hosted in the remote ESXi hosts and also save the backup data in the local storage.
As said before, in this way we save bandwidth and gain speed in the backup and restore process in case we need to perform any of it.
We will assume that we have a vCenter deployed with Veeam B&R installed. The Veeam B&R has configured the vCenter and then all remote ESXi hosts.
The implementation is pretty straightforward, we will have a dedicated VM to be deployed on each remote site and then perform the following high-level steps:
– As a backup repository, we are going to add a hard disk to the remote VM and use that hard disk as the backup repository for the site. We will seize the capabilities of Windows Server 2016 and use ReFS as the filesystem for the added hard disk.
– Install a backup proxy service, we just need to deploy the backup proxy service from the Veeam B&R console to the VM that we are using. The backup proxy will be who processes jobs and delivers backup traffic.
So, let’s go each step!
Backup proxy service
First, our Windows Guest OS VM is joined to the domain, so we won’t have any kind of problem for resolving the name or accessing with domain account credentials.
Let’s add the proxy by going to the Backup Infrastructure tab > Backup Proxy > Add VMware Backup Proxy…
As this is a new server for Veeam, we will have to add it as a “server” by pressing “Add New…”:
Then, this window will appear, just enter the FQDN of your server:
Choose credentials and choose “Apply “to install the transport service:
After that, you will be able to choose the newly added server (Proxy_EUR.itgaiden.com) from the drop-down menu:
Now, let’s configure the Transport mode and Datastores for this proxy (as in the previous screenshot):
And for the datastores, choose the ones that are connected to the ESXi host where the VM is hosted by selecting Manual Selection and adding them:
After configuring that, you will have the same configuration as in this screenshot:
Finally, just hit Next and apply any kind of traffic rule if you want:
Now, finish, and the proxy will be fully configured and ready.
We configured these options because they are the best for our deployment which is using a Windows VM that will have a backup repository which will save the backups.
For more detailed options about the Backup Proxy service go here.
After configuring each backup proxy we will have a bunch of them in the Backup Proxies tab:
Backup repository configuration
In this step, I suggest following this article to perform this step.
Basically, we just have to add a new hard disk to our dedicated VM as Thick Provision Eager Zeroed, format the disk as ReFS and finally, add the Backup Repository to the Veeam B&R Console.
In that article, it’s also explained the benefits of ReFS so, I think it’s more detailed and easy to follow it.
After we configure all the backup repositories, we will have the same amount as the backup proxies:
As you can see in the previous screenshot, the path (D:\Backups) is the disk that we added to the VM on each remote site. We have configured the backup repository to that path because, as explained before, we have a disk formatted in ReFS and it’s explained in the article.
Backup job configuration
After configuring the backup proxy and backup repositories on each site, we are ready to the last step, configuring the backup job to perform backups.
Go to Home tab and then Backup… Virtual Machine:
Now, step by step, pick a name for the job:
Proceed to select the VMs you want to backup (in our case the ones in the EUR site):
Let’s continue and in the Backup proxy, click Choose… and select the correspondent backup proxy (EUR_proxy):
Press OK and go to Advanced. Configure it like that if you want Synthetic full backups:
And then the monthly health check (recommended):
Accept and here is the summary for the backup proxy step (we will keep 7 restore points in our case):
Configure any option as you like (not in my case):
And finally, proceed with the schedule that you want after finishing the configuration for this job!
And that would be all for this remote site. We had to to the same with the other remote sites and our job will be done!
Finally, with this design you will be able to back up remote sites and store the backups in the local storage from each site.
If you don’t want to use a dedicated VM as a backup proxy, you can install the service on a VM that has low usage and install the backup proxy service, however, it’s recommended to use a dedicated VM which will have the backup proxy service and the backup repository (the virtual hard disk attached).
I will explain today how to migrate ADFS from 2012 R2 (3.0 v) to 2016 (4.0) without almost no downtime. The overall process consists in adding the new ADFS server to the farm, assign the primary role to the new ADFS, make some changes and then we’re done.
The current environment is:
1 x WAP Server (W2012 R2)
1 x ADFS Server (W2012 R2)
No applications published, just an Office 365 Relying party trust.
A DNS A record that points sts.teselia.com to the ADFS IP address.
And the future environment will be:
1 x WAP Server (W2016) -> Not in this post
1 x ADFS Server (W2016) -> In this post
Planning for your ADFS Migration
Active Directory schema update using ‘ADPrep’ with the Windows Server 2016 additions (not necessary in my case)
Build a Windows Server 2016 server with ADFS and join into an existing farm.
Promote one of the ADFS 2016 servers as “primary” of the farm, and point all other secondary servers to the new “primary”.
Change DNS records to the new servers’s IP address.
Raise the Farm Behavior Level feature (FBL) to ‘2016’
Test that the setup works correctly.
Remove the old ADFS server (W2012 R2) from the farm.
Now, time to upgrade the schema of the AD:
Put the installation media from W2016 Datacenter:
In my case, it was already updated (my domain is in W2012 R2 so it seems that I don’t need it).
Installing and configuring ADFS
Once we deployed a new Windows Server 2016 and it’s joined to our domain…
Install the role of ADFS in your target server and then continue with the post-deployment config:
Provide can account with Domain Administrator permissions:
Provide your federation service name. You can review it in the current ADFS primary server and click Properties in the root folder of the ADFS console:
In our case “sts.teselia.com”:
Specify your SSL certificate (usually your wildcard):
Then, I will use an account (Managed service account recommended):
Review your configuration and after the pre-requisite checks proceed with the “Configure” button:
After the server is installed you will have some warnings that will be fixed later by rebooting the server and making this new server as the primary ADFS server in the farm:
Then, we will proceed to reboot our server (ADFS01.teselia.com).
Configuring as a “PrimaryComputer” in the ADFS farm
Once the machine has restarted, open the ADFS Management Console, and you’ll notice it’s not the primary federation server in the farm.
Open a PS console and execute:
Set-AdfsSyncProperties -Role PrimaryComputer
After that, I can access the ADFS console from our new ADFS server without the warning:
Execute this on the other ADFS servers (we will point the new ADFS server as the PRIMARY):
Basically, what you have to do is to add a couple of registry values in this new ADFS server because it’s Windows Server 2016 and is running ADFS 4.0 version.
Once you applied the fix, reboot it and works flawlessly!
Testing the new setup
To check that it’s really working, try to log into your Office 365 portal and it must show you the portal from your federation service.
As the WAP service isn’t migrated yet, it should respond correctly but if the configuration is not correct, it won’t be able to gather the configuration from the ADFS service.
Removing the old ADFS server
Once you tested that it works correctly, as both ADFS servers will have the configuration replicated, you can remove the role from the old one (that now holds the secondary role) and then remove it from the domain.
With that done, you will have a fresh new Windows Server 2016 ADFS server and none “old” ADFS servers.
And that’s all, I will do in the future another post about the WAP service migration that it’s easier than this one, I hope that this can help someone.
It’s been a while since I took an exam from Microsoft (the latest was in 2013 I think) where you probably know that these kind of exams are multiple-choice or single-choice.
Through my career, I saw a lot of people cheating with these exams by memorizing the questions you can find on the internet and finishing it in just 20 minutes.
Despite I envied these persons because they weren’t putting the same effort as I did, in the end, this was translated in almost no knowledge about what they practiced nor familiar with all the features that Windows Server offers.
So, I encourage you to study the materials and practice in order to learn and bring value to yourself if you want to use these technologies from Microsoft.
In my case, although I am experienced with Windows Server this kind of upgrade exams, which consists in a 3 in 1 exam, can be scary for someone who’s new or hasn’t touched many roles that Windows Server has.
Even I installed almost all roles from Windows Server 2016 there are some of them that aren’t so common and you should practice it in a homelab (best way to stick in your mind).
There are around 60 questions (the quantity may differ) chosen from the following exams:
There are a lot of videos there, I checked the ones I felt more insecure and practiced in the lab. Also, I do recommend that you use Powershell to install and configure everything you can and in this way, you will get used to it.
As this is a 3 in 1 exam, the range of features and roles to know is huge, knowing a bit of everything will help you to pass but, without practice, you won’t get anywhere…
Having experience helps a lot but if it’s not your case, focus on the roles and features you never used or are not used to use (ADFS, NPS, RRAS, Hyper-V, etc.).
To conclude, I can say it’s a fair exam and a bit challenging maybe but if you practice a lot with all the roles that Windows Server 2016 offers and know the differences from Windows Server 2012 R2.
Also, the most important I think…practice with Powershell. It won’t only help you with the exam also, in your future!