VCAP6.5-DCV Design failed exam experience

fail-better
Reading Time: 4 minutes

Recently I took the 3V0-624 exam (a.k.a. VMware Certified Advanced Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization Design Exam) and I failed (266/500).

fail-better

I took it on September, 4th (a month and a half ago) and as I was on holiday and now preparing things for VMworld Europe I won’t be able to study after the event.

I recognize, I study a bit in a rush. In just one month for someone who is daily tasks aren’t about architecture, it can be hard (or not). In my case, this rush was influenced due to leaving on vacation for more than 2 weeks. Then, I decided to give it a try before leaving but, the outcome wasn’t what someone would like!

Let me share my experience in the exam, some thoughts, resources, and notes that maybe can help you.

Know yourself

What I want to say in this section is knowing your limitations and experience against the exam. I am not going to do a comparison against the blueprint right now but, check the blueprint and be honest to yourself.

This exam is called “Design” and that means having a broad knowledge on many areas (like networking, storage, computing, hardware, etc.), a different mindset than an engineer (the famous “holistic” view that architects have).

So, basically, check all the sections in the blueprint and match them against your knowledge. Are there too many gaps? Then, you probably need more experience and a lot of time to study (or both) but definitely, the experience becomes very handy for this exam.

(I recommend you to check the blueprint from the VCAP6-DCV Design which is quite better than the 6.5 version (in fact, it has the resources split into sections instead of giving you a list of 50+ resources like in the 6.5 version).

I am not an architect but I did some projects from the scratch (small ones) and participated in others that were normal (I don’t want to say big because it is subjective) as a technical reference so, I had some of the knowledge regarding how to approach a project

Expect to gather the requirements, find “RRAC” (Requirements, Risks, Assumptions and Constraints) and also I had knowledge in DC architecture, vSphere (obviously) and other products from VMware (this is a VMware exam so don’t expect another thing!).

Study Resources

There are many resources that you can find on the internet:

Blog posts:

 

The books I read:

  • VCAP5-DCD guide
  • IT Architect: Foundation in the Art of Infrastructure Design: A Practical Guide for IT Architects
  • VMware vSphere Design 2nd Edition

Obviously I reviewed all the technical papers from the blueprint and you should too (at least check if you understand the main concept).

The exam

As the official webpage states, there are 60 questions and you have 135 minutes (2 hours and 15 minutes) to complete the exam. This is plenty of time for anyone I think.

I read other experiences and almost anyone had a lot of time left in the clock before finishing the exam. When I took it, I reviewed the questions and there were almost 30 minutes.

Questions can be large so, maybe you want to read it a couple of times or even when you’re answering it.

The format of the exam is multiple-choice, matching and drag and drop. That means that all questions won’t have a single choice solution.

Even I had time to finish the exam without looking at the clock too much, I failed with a score of 266 (passing score is 300 like many other VMware exams). That means that I need to review which were my weakest points, resolve my doubts and catch up with all I studied a couple of months ago.

Notes

As far as I know, this exam goes until ESXi 6.5 U1 (which is the latest release before the blueprint came out).

Review dependencies between all products and features within vSphere (especially the ones related to the RAMPS concept).

The conceptual, logical and physical design concepts must be mastered.

Review limitations on each feature (HA, DRS, FT, etc.) or product (vSAN, SRM, etc.).

The vBrownbag videos and books like the “VCAP5-DCD guide” can be very helpful even though are “older”. About books. the “vSphere Design 2nd edition” along with the “IT Architect series: Foundation in the art of infrastructure design” will give you a general vision of all concepts that an architect must know.

Check the blueprint from the VCAP6-DCV Design as the objectives are the same as the 6.5 version but better explained and with references on each section.

 

So, that’s all I wanted to say and I hope that even I didn’t pass in this first attempt, it can help other people willing to take it in the future.

Sometimes you have to fail better before succeed.

VMworld 2019 Europe local guide

Reading Time: 10 minutes

VMworld 2019 Europe is almost here! And I made a local guide with tips about transport, restaurants, places to go, etc. to ensure you can enjoy more your experience in VMworld.

General information

This event will take place from the 4th (Monday) to 7th (Thursday) of November at Fira Gran Via in Barcelona, Spain.

VMworld is always an amazing opportunity to learn from all the events that will happen there like the Hands-on Lab, Breakout sessions, General sessions, etc.

Also, it is a great way to connect with a lot of people from the community, vendors or other persons that you are interested in.

People are really friendly so, don’t be shy (you can try first on Twitter!) and try to speak to members from the vCommunity. Besides, be sure to meet the vBrownbag team in the VMTN Tech talks area 🙂

If you are interested in attending this amazing international event and enjoy many other advantages, you can register here.

Some notes

In Spain, tipping is entirely optional and it’s not very common so, it’s up to you if you want to leave a tip in case the service was exceptional or you think it deserves it.

In restaurants, shops, etc. the VAT tax is included. Therefore, you don’t have to worry to calculate an extra amount of money.

Also, once you pay with credit card (VISA branded cards are the most used here) they will make you enter the PIN code of your credit card (a bit different than the US).

I know it’s late but, hotels near Fira are nice and a bit expensive. The best zone I think it is near Sants where there are cheaper hotels, nice transport connections, and great ambient.

The official language in Barcelona is Spanish but most of the population speak in Catalan. Saying that, don’t worry if you don’t understand some signboards from the street or public places.

Transportation

There are 3 different train services: Renfe (Local Train), TMB (metro/subway/underground) and FGC (Regional Train).

Renfe and TMB are the most used because they have more combinations than the FGC and also better schedules. So, basically, you will see in this guide mentioning train for Renfe and metro/subway/underground for TMB.

Coming from the airport

Once you land at El Prat airport, there are a few ways to go to the city of Barcelona:

  • You can take a taxi (expensive but more convenient for people with less time or when the hotel is located in an isolated area). It will costs between 20-30 € from the Airport to Sants (always depending on the traffic). Put the hand luggage on the taxi trunk costs an additional euro.
    You can use the app myTaxi to order one.
    Uber and Cabifiy are not available in Barcelona.

You can go to the Aeroport (airport) stop of the R2 Nord line (you must go to Terminal 2 to take the train). This line will take you to Sants-Estacio and will be great for people staying near Sants.

This line is less frequent than the next option but it takes less time. Pricing is subjected to zones. In that case, From Aeroport to Sants-Estacio the price for a single ticket will be 4.20 €.

  • By metro (TMB):

Use the L9 Sud line, this is the Metro (subway/underground) service and can be combined with other lines (like L5 at Collblanc stop for example) within the same ticket.

This metro service is more frequent than the train service and it costs 4.60 €. This can be the best option for most people because you can use the same single ticket to go to other places by combining lines.

  • By bus (Aerobus):

The least recommended option as it will be crowded but it depends on your preferences and where do you want to go.

The Aerobus will take you to “Plaça Catalunya” (Catalunya Plaza) but it costs a bit more than other services (5,90 € at the moment), you can review more information in this link.

T-10 card

If you plan to visit Barcelona, consider buying a T-10 ticket (which includes 10 single tickets or 10 journeys) as it will save you half the price of many single tickets. This T-10 card can be used for many people as you want so, consider it if you are a group.

T-10 cards are sold by zones (because they have other public services integrated), as you are going to stay in Barcelona, you only need 1 zone. Price for a T-10 1 Zone card is 10.20€, versus buying 10 single tickets (1 zone) will cost 2.20 € x 10 = 22€.

T-10 tickets can be used on any public transport (bus, Metro, Renfe and FGC services) with some exceptions covered here:

  • You cannot use the T-10 ticket from the airport on the Metro Line L9 Sud. This means the T10 ticket is not valid at the stops Aeroport T1 or Aeroport T2 on the airport metro link.
  • The T10 ticket is also not valid on the Aerobus express bus.

Moving inside of Barcelona

The Metro (subway/underground) is your best choice whatever you stay in Barcelona if you want a cheaper, frequent and reliable service.

With the metro (remember the name) you can travel through lines at the same cost. The main stops to consider will be Fira in L9 Sud, Plaça Espanya in L1/L3 and Sants-Estacio in L5/L3.

The fastest way to VMworld?

The closest stop to the VMworld event is Fira in L9 Sud or the Europa-Fira stop which is another stop from the L9-Sud line that also combines with another train service (FGC trains) which is a different transport service than the metro and it has different stops.

If you stay near Sants, the Sants-Estacio stop in L5 will be your choice. Then, in Sants-Estacio station take the L5 to Collblanc stop and after that, change the line to L9 Sud until you arrive at Fira stop.

You can see in the following map the VMworld precinct highlighted in yellow and the closest stops (marked in blue): Europa-Fira stop which combines FGC and Metro services and, Fira stop at L9 Sud.

FiraGranVia-map

Last year VMworld provided a free metro card; As I don’t know if it will be the same but if you are aiming to visit Barcelona and visit other places, consider to buy a T-10 travel card (10 single rides) which is multi personal and quite cheaper than buying 10 single tickets.

 

Events around VMworld

Fred Hofer has a magnificent post where it summarizes all the events and parties that will happen on these dates, check it here

I organized the vFit runs, review my post for more detailed information

In my case besides the vFit event (Monday and Wednesday morning), I will attend the vSoccer event on Monday night and vBreakfast on Tuesday.

 

Outside VMworld (Sightseeing)

Here is a summary of the places that you could visit if you come to Barcelona:

La Sagrada Familia

Probably the most iconic building in Barcelona. It is an unfinished church designed by Gaudí, an architect who made many iconic buildings here in Barcelona.

Location: https://cutt.ly/5eoPoBU

Las Ramblas

The most famous pedestrian street of Barcelona, you will see many kiosks and artists there while walking in the middle of the city. Note: Keep an eye on your belongings if you are watching an exhibition as pickpockets could be near you.

Location: https://bit.ly/35zkqXQ

font-montjuic

La Font Màgica de Montjuïc (Magic fountain of Montjuïc)

This fountain is amazing at night. You should check the exhibitions scheduled with lights and streams creating shapes. It is located near the Veeam party that will be on Tuesday so, maybe you can go earlier and check it out!

Location: https://bit.ly/2VBo9zc

Park-guell

Park Güell

A gorgeous park with some designs from Gaudí and other architects that are interesting. You must buy a ticket in order to gain entrance to the Monumental Area (where you can see some monuments from Gaudí).

Location: https://bit.ly/319oIS3

casa-batllo

Casa Batlló

A famous building designed by Gaudí also named “House of bones”. Look at the facade which is something that you probably never seen before with the sculpted stonework, the windows or the painting. It is also a museum where you can visit (you need to buy a ticket) the inside of this building.

Location: https://cutt.ly/ieoPssI

la-pedrera

Casa Milà – La Pedrera (The stone quarry)

Another famous building designed by Gaudí. It has unique balconies and a courtyard that defines the style of Gaudí and also his last private residence.

Location: https://cutt.ly/reoPjYM

port-olimpic

The Olympic port of Barcelona (since recent events in the past months, I will avoid going at night)

It is one of the most exciting leisure and touristic spots throughout Barcelona, with a wide offering of shops, clubs, and restaurants. It’s the gateway to the Barcelona beaches and also there is the Barcelona zoo near to it.

Location: https://cutt.ly/seoPx1J

In general, avoid going alone in the night, especially in “Las Ramblas”, “El Raval” or near “Olympic Port of Barcelona”.

Also, avoid the neighborhood known as “La Mina” which is farther from Barcelona but it still accessible by Metro.

Restaurants

The food in Barcelona is nice and some of you probably know it.

Let me suggest a couple of restaurants near Fira Gran Via (VMworld):

  • Gran Varela: A restaurant with great food (especially octopus). Also, the wines are great!
  • In Gran Via 2 (a shopping center pretty close to Fira Gran via) I can suggest you:
    • A great Japanese (Udon)
    • A good Italian (La Tagliatella
    • Beers and tapas (Cañas y tapa)
  • Restaurant La Vid: A nice restaurant where you can try local food like the bread with spread tomato, the Spanish omelet, or the ham! This is also the restaurant that will be hosting the vBreakfast event on Tuesday morning.

 

The best places aren’t near Fira Gran Via but if you want to try better food, here are a couple of restaurants that are really nice:

    • Bacoa Burger: Amazing and customized burgers, also hand-made fries and sauces.
    • König: Amazing restaurant where you can try almost everything: tapas, amazing beer, flatbread, and many other options!
    • La Bella Napoli: Not many choices on the menu in this Italian restaurant but the food quality is amazing.
    • Buenos Aires Grill Restaurant: Steak, ribs, Argentinian Beef, special cuts?
    • Ramen-Ya Hiro: Best ramen in Barcelona without a doubt! The queue won’t be short to get the Ramen…

Local food

Let me put a short section about local food here. The food you must try while staying here would be: Paella, Spanish omelet, Bread with (spread) tomato and of course Ham (Jamón)!

Despite there many restaurants that they prepare all these dishes, I will avoid the ones in Las Ramblas because they’re usually not the best option…

Bread with (spread) tomato can be found in almost any bar or restaurant so, just ask for it. They are also served at breakfast!pa_amb_tomaquet

 

If you don’t want to lose a lot of time by going far from VMworld to taste many of these dishes, I would suggest you go Restaurant La Vid, which I talked in the previous section.

 

Also, on these dates, it is common for street vendors to sell hot toasted chestnuts wrapped in newspaper, give it a try!

chestnuts

Finally, you should try a sweety called “panellets” (special almond balls covered in pine nuts), you can find them in bakeries:

panellets

 

There are many other places and foods not included here. If you want something specific just let me know in the comments or via DM on Twitter.

Conclusion

That will be a summary of things to do at VMworld and in the city of Barcelona.

Be sure to enjoy VMworld with all the events, parties, people and more things that can give you but overall, have fun!

If you think that something is missing, let me know.

See you at VMworld!

 

 

 

vFit at VMworld 2019 Europe

Reading Time: 3 minutes

Yes! I am happy to announce that the vFit event will happen also at VMworld Europe this year!

Eric Wright (@discoposse) is the creator of this event and you can check how it went at VMworld US here! I love his idea of engaging folks who attend tech events to do some exercise at tech events and why not at VMworld Europe?

Enjoy a run with our great community outside VMworld. You can meet people, share a great moment to run outside the event centers and enjoy the city of Barcelona.

So, this year in Barcelona I will be the organizer for the #vFit event and I hope you can join me and other community folks in the 2019 #vFit runs at VMworld Europe.

 

Basic information

Anyone can join this event to run with a group of community folks at approximately 6.21min per km / 10min per mile. May be a second group if enough walkers join, we will discuss it once when we meet there.

The meet up for the runs will be at the exit of Europa-Fira station: https://bit.ly/354kRsN
There are two exits at Europa-Fira (showed in blue), you must go to the one which has 3 “big” buildings. Our meet-up will be at the red circle that you can see in the following map:
Europa_Fira_map
Here you have a Google Street View just in case you’re not sure if you picked the correct exit: https://bit.ly/30N3o4x

So, as said we will have the meet up at the red circle that is in front of one of the Europa-Fira exits.

 

Schedules

Usually, this is a daily run event but, as I am the one organizing it, I can’t commit to doing a daily run because I have other duties to do at VMworld.

Therefore I decided to do 2 runs and the time of each meet up is:

  • Monday, November 4 – 06:45 AM CEST
  • Wednesday, November 6 – 06:45 AM CEST

On Wednesday many people will be crashed by Tuesday parties however I will be there anyway!

Why not Tuesday?

I’ll be heading to the vBreakfast event on Tuesday and also on Monday night there is the vSoccer event so, some rest is needed 🙂

Then, on Tuesday you can rest or even go for a run yourself.

 

Route

The route goes from Europa-Fira station (where we meet up) to Montjuic (uphill) and then coming back from the other side (downhill) to end at the Europa Fira station.

The route is about 5.5 km / 3.41 miles and we will see some streets from “La Marina” district (where VMworld is hosted) and the Montjuïc Park.

Here you have the route if you want to check it out:

Route map for VFit Running EMEA 2019 by Dan Belmonte on plotaroute.com

How do I join?

Just to know how many people are going to attend, register here on any date: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/vfit-emea-2019-tickets-74746226977

But the main point is to be there at the time specified in the schedules section.

Use the #vFit to share it with the community!

If you need more information, just send me a DM on Twitter or comment on this post and I’ll be glad to help you.

See you there!

Veeam – Backup VMs in remote sites

Reading Time: 6 minutes

I was wondering why I haven’t talked about Veeam when I use it almost every day in my job, not only administering backups but doing new implementations.

Recently, I had to implement a design where I need to backup VMs in remote sites but not back up them in a centralized storage, they will be backed up on each remote site storage.

So, by deploying a VM with the Backup proxy service and also use it as the backup repository we can accomplish the goal. We will save bandwidth and increase the speed to restore and backup those remote virtual machines by using the local storage on each remote site.

 

Scenario

The scenario I am talking is the following, a dedicated VM with Windows Server 2016 Standard (a.k.a. W2016 STD) to act as a backup proxy and backup repository and Veeam B&R installed on the main site (the cloud we will say).

This is the high level design:

Veeam_scenario

So, we are going to back up all the VMs that are hosted in the remote ESXi hosts and also save the backup data in the local storage.

As said before, in this way we save bandwidth and gain speed in the backup and restore process in case we need to perform any of it.

We will assume that we have a vCenter deployed with Veeam B&R installed. The Veeam B&R has configured the vCenter and then all remote ESXi hosts.

 

Implementation

The implementation is pretty straightforward, we will have a dedicated VM to be deployed on each remote site and then perform the following high-level steps:

– As a backup repository, we are going to add a hard disk to the remote VM and use that hard disk as the backup repository for the site. We will seize the capabilities of Windows Server 2016 and use ReFS as the filesystem for the added hard disk.

– Install a backup proxy service, we just need to deploy the backup proxy service from the Veeam B&R console to the VM that we are using. The backup proxy will be who processes jobs and delivers backup traffic.

So, let’s go each step!

 

Backup proxy service

First, our Windows Guest OS VM is joined to the domain, so we won’t have any kind of problem for resolving the name or accessing with domain account credentials.

Let’s add the proxy by going to the Backup Infrastructure tab > Backup Proxy > Add VMware Backup Proxy…

As this is a new server for Veeam, we will have to add it as a “server” by pressing “Add New…”:

Then, this window will appear, just enter the FQDN of your server:

Choose credentials and chooseApply “to install the transport service:

After that, you will be able to choose the newly added server (Proxy_EUR.itgaiden.com) from the drop-down menu:

Now, let’s configure the Transport mode and Datastores for this proxy (as in the previous screenshot):

And for the datastores, choose the ones that are connected to the ESXi host where the VM is hosted by selecting Manual Selection and adding them:

choose_manual_datastores

After configuring that, you will have the same configuration as in this screenshot:

Finally, just hit Next and apply any kind of traffic rule if you want:

Now, finish, and the proxy will be fully configured and ready.

 

 

We configured these options because they are the best for our deployment which is using a Windows VM that will have a backup repository which will save the backups.

For more detailed options about the Backup Proxy service go here.

After configuring each backup proxy we will have a bunch of them in the Backup Proxies tab:

Backup_Proxies

Backup repository configuration

In this step, I suggest following this article to perform this step.

Basically, we just have to add a new hard disk to our dedicated VM as Thick Provision Eager Zeroed, format the disk as ReFS and finally, add the Backup Repository to the Veeam B&R Console.

In that article, it’s also explained the benefits of ReFS so, I think it’s more detailed and easy to follow it.

After we configure all the backup repositories, we will have the same amount as the backup proxies:

veeam_backup_repositories

As you can see in the previous screenshot, the path (D:\Backups) is the disk that we added to the VM on each remote site. We have configured the backup repository to that path because, as explained before, we have a disk formatted in ReFS and it’s explained in the article.

Backup job configuration

After configuring the backup proxy and backup repositories on each site, we are ready to the last step, configuring the backup job to perform backups.

Go to Home tab and then Backup… Virtual Machine:

Now, step by step, pick a name for the job:

Proceed to select the VMs you want to backup (in our case the ones in the EUR site):

 

Let’s continue and in the Backup proxy, click Choose… and select the correspondent backup proxy (EUR_proxy):

 

Press OK and go to Advanced. Configure it like that if you want Synthetic  full backups:

 

And then the monthly health check (recommended):

Accept and here is the summary for the backup proxy step (we will keep 7 restore points in our case):

Configure any option as you like (not in my case):

And finally, proceed with the schedule that you want after finishing the configuration for this job!

And that would be all for this remote site. We had to to the same with the other remote sites and our job will be done!

 

Conclusion

Finally, with this design you will be able to back up remote sites and store the backups in the local storage from each site.

If you don’t want to use a dedicated VM as a backup proxy, you can install the service on a VM that has low usage and install the backup proxy service, however, it’s recommended to use a dedicated VM which will have the backup proxy service and the backup repository (the virtual hard disk attached).

 

 

Migrating ADFS from 2012 R2 (3.0 v) to 2016 (4.0 v.)

Reading Time: 5 minutes

I will explain today how to migrate ADFS from 2012 R2 (3.0 v) to 2016 (4.0) without almost no downtime. The overall process consists in adding the new ADFS server to the farm, assign the primary role to the new ADFS, make some changes and then we’re done.

 

The current environment is:

  • 1 x WAP Server (W2012 R2)
  • 1 x ADFS Server (W2012 R2)

No applications published, just an Office 365 Relying party trust.

A DNS A record that points sts.teselia.com to the ADFS IP address.

 

And the future environment will be:

  • 1 x WAP Server (W2016) -> Not in this post
  • 1 x ADFS Server (W2016) -> In this post

Planning for your ADFS Migration

  1. Active Directory schema update using ‘ADPrep’ with the Windows Server 2016 additions (not necessary in my case)
  2. Build a Windows Server 2016 server with ADFS and join into an existing farm.
  3. Promote one of the ADFS 2016 servers as “primary” of the farm, and point all other secondary servers to the new “primary”.
  4. Change DNS records to the new servers’s IP address.
  5. Raise the Farm Behavior Level feature (FBL) to ‘2016’
  6. Test that the setup works correctly.
  7. Remove the old ADFS server (W2012 R2) from the farm.

Upgrading Schema

Now, time to upgrade the schema of the AD:

Put the installation media from W2016 Datacenter:

Adprep /forestprep

In my case, it was already updated (my domain is in W2012 R2 so it seems that I don’t need it).

 

Installing and configuring ADFS

Once we deployed a new Windows Server 2016 and it’s joined to our domain…

Install the role of ADFS in your target server and then continue with the post-deployment config:

 

Provide can account with Domain Administrator permissions:

 

Provide your federation service name. You can review it in the current ADFS primary server and click Properties in the root folder of the ADFS console:

 

In our case “sts.teselia.com”:

 

Specify your SSL certificate (usually your wildcard):

 

Then, I will use an account (Managed service account recommended):

 

Review your configuration and after the pre-requisite checks proceed with the “Configure” button:

 

After the server is installed you will have some warnings that will be fixed later by rebooting the server and making this new server as the primary ADFS server in the farm:

Then, we will proceed to reboot our server (ADFS01.teselia.com).

 

Configuring as a “PrimaryComputer” in the ADFS farm

Once the machine has restarted, open the ADFS Management Console, and you’ll notice it’s not the primary federation server in the farm.

Open a PS console and execute:

Set-AdfsSyncProperties -Role PrimaryComputer

 

After that, I can access the ADFS console from our new ADFS server without the warning:

 

Execute this on the other ADFS servers (we will point the new ADFS server as the PRIMARY):

Set-AdfsSyncProperties -Role SecondaryComputer -PrimaryComputerName sts.teselia.com

Then, we will check that in our old ADFS server it’s correct:

Details to bear in mind

So, in my case, I have a DNS A record that points sts.teselia.com to an IP address (the ADFS server)

After pointing the new, I had to modify the hosts file from the WAP server in the DMZ to point to the new server!

Also, I modified the DNS  record from the internal DNS with the new server’s IP address.

 

 

Error with 0365 relying party trust

After migrating the service from ADFS 3.0 (W2012 R2) to ADFS 4.0 (W2016), I faced a  problem when updating the O365 relying party trust.

The solution was to apply a fix described by Microsoft:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/security-updates/SecurityAdvisories/2015/2960358

Basically, what you have to do is to add a couple of registry values in this new ADFS server because it’s Windows Server 2016 and is running ADFS 4.0 version.

Once you applied the fix, reboot it and works flawlessly!

 

Testing the new setup

To check that it’s really working, try to log into your Office 365 portal and it must show you the portal from your federation service.

As the WAP service isn’t migrated yet, it should respond correctly but if the configuration is not correct, it won’t be able to gather the configuration from the ADFS service.

Removing the old ADFS server

Once you tested that it works correctly, as both ADFS servers will have the configuration replicated, you can remove the role from the old one (that now holds the secondary role) and then remove it from the domain.

With that done, you will have a fresh new Windows Server 2016 ADFS server and none “old” ADFS servers.

 

 

And that’s all, I will do in the future another post about the WAP service migration that it’s easier than this one, I hope that this can help someone.